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Saturday, February 15, 2014

The Origin of REOG Dance in Ponorogo-Indonesia

Reog is traditional dance from Ponorogo, a city in Indonesia. It is one of the proofs of the regional culture in Indonesia that still close with mystique matters. All of people always debate about history of reog Ponorogo, but two popular stories are about Ki Ageng Kutu revolt and battle between Pujangga anom and Singabarong.
Firstly, the story told that Ki Ageng Kutu (a royal servant in Bra Kertabumi period) angered with corrupt behavior of the king Majapahit Kingdom and the Chinese Kingdom’s powerful acquisition as the partner. He saw that the power of Majapahit Kingdom would be end. Then he leaved the king and built schools and he taught teenagers martial and spiritual arts with expectation that those teenagers would grow as the power of next Majapahit Kingdom. But he realized that his army is too small to beat the army of Majapahit Kingdom. And the last, the Ki Ageng Kutu sowed reog as the political message of him. The show reog is the way of Ki Ageng Kutu to develop the local movement. 
Another version of reog is told about a legendary battle between Pujangga anom, a minister from court of Ponorogo and Singabarong, guardian spirit of forest of Lodoyo. It was begun when King Kelana Sewandana (the King of Bantarangin Kingdom) dreamed meeting a beautiful princess, Dewi Singgolangit. He felt in love with her and ordered his governor to ask the hand of the princess. This proposal was accepted on the condition that the King should present an attraction which was still unknown at that time. Then the Pujangga anom stole 150 tigers from the forest, apparently to offer as a dowry payment for princess of Kediri, whom the king of Ponorogo wished to marry. It made Singobarong angry. Then King Kelana Sewandana could kill the power of King Singobarong who was pictured as a king with a tiger’s head bearing a wide-winged peacock. The victorious King Kelana Sewandono then went into procession to the palace of the princess, bearing the defeated Singobarong. The procession attracted great attention during the trip to the palace.

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